On this day in history...

88,809 Views | 1821 Replies | Last: 20 hrs ago by LIB,MR BEARS
historian
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November 13:

1775: American Patriots captured Montreal.

1909: Balinger-Pinchot scandal broke. Essentially, a conflict between environmentalists and Pres. Taft's Sec. of the Interior. Long-term result: Theodore Roosevelt challenged Taft in 1912, therefore helping Woodrow Wilson win.

1982: Vietnam War Memorial in Washington, D.C. was dedicated.
“Whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God.”
I Corinthians 10:31
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November 14:

1851: Herman Melville's Moby Dick was published.

1965: Battle of Ia Drang in Vietnam began. This was depicted in the Mel Gibson film, We Were Soldiers.

1969: Apollo 12 lifted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida.

1970: A chartered jet carrying most of the Marshall University football team crashed killing everyone onboard.
“Whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God.”
I Corinthians 10:31
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November 15:

1859: First installment of The Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens was published.

1864: Gen. William T. Sherman began the March to the Sea which devastated much of Georgia and broke the back of the Confederacy.

1917: Georges Clemenceau became Premier of France. He would represent them during the peace talks after WWI with huge implications.

1943: Heinrich Himmler orders Roma (Gypsies) sent to concentration camps where many would die.

1977: Pres. Jimmy Carter hosted the Shah of Iran.
Wichitabear
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Charles Dickens. My favorite!!!
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November 16:

1532: Francisco Pizarro trapped the Incan emperor leading to ultimate success and the conquest of the Incan Empire.

1907: Oklahoma became a state.

1945: German scientists were brought to the U.S. to develop our rocket program. Eventually, their work would pay off with the Mercury, Gemini, & Apollo programs.
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November 17:

1558: Elizabeth I became Queen of England upon the death of her half sister.

1777: Congress submitted the Articles of Confederation to the states for ratification. Eventually all 13 states would do so and the document would serve the nation during the War for Independence but inherent weaknesses would lead to calls for change in 1787.

1869: Suez Canal opened.

1969: Beginning of SALT I negotiations between the US & USSR.

2003: Arnold Schwarzenegger became governor of California.
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November 18:

1883: The railroads created the first time zones.

1916: The bloody Battle of the Somme ended in a very costly failure.

1978: The followers of Jim Jones committed mass suicide in Guyana.

1991: Terry Waite was freed after being held hostage in Lebanon by Islamofascist terrorists for more than four years.

1999: Twelve Texas A&M current & former students died as the bonfire they were building collapsed.
Wichitabear
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I know we bad mouth Texas a lot but when that terrible bonfire happen, Texas' band honored them at half time with a performance. All longhorn flags lowered out of respect. The first to do it
historian
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Yes, that was real class. Then the Aggies defeated them on the field!

For anyone interested, there is a very good documentary in the theaters now about the tragedy: The Thirteenth Man. It's well done.
Wichitabear
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Well one could leave out that part of the Aggy win lol
historian
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It was over Texas.
Wichitabear
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Yes, I know. I don't yell for Aggies or OU.
historian
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November 19:

1863: Pres. Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address, the most famous speech in American history.

1942: The Soviets counterattacked during the Battle of Stalingrad. This turned the battle in their favor, and ultimately the war in Europe in favor of the Allies.

1985: First summit meeting between Ronald Reagan & Mikhail Gorbachev.
LIB,MR BEARS
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historian said:

November 19:

1863: Pres. Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address, the most famous speech in American history.

1942: The Soviets counterattacked during the Battle of Stalingrad. This turned the battle in their favor, and ultimately the war in Europe in favor of the Allies.

1985: First summit meeting between Ronald Reagan & Mikhail Gorbachev.

i think this qualifies as a BIG day in world history.
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November 20:

1945: Beginning of Nrnberg War Crimes Trials.

1947: Princess Elizabeth (now Queen Elizabeth II) married Phillip Mountbatten.
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November 21:

1877: Thomas Edison announced the invention of the phonograph.

1935: Ella Fitzgerald won the Amateur Night competition at the Apollo Theater in Harlem.
LIB,MR BEARS
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1963 : President John F. Kennedy is assassinated when he is shot by a sniper while riding in a motorcade through downtown Dallas. In film shown around the world Jackie Kennedy was seen cradled her dying husband as the limousine sped to the emergency room at Parkland Hospital. Lee Harvey Oswold was later arrested for the murder but is shot By Jack Ruby a short time later.

1995 - Toy Story produced by Pixar is released as the first feature-length film created completely using computer generated animation. The film was not only a commercial success it was given great ratings by critics and won a number of awards including an Academy Special Achievement Award in 1996 for the first feature-length computer-animated film
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November 22:

1718: Notorious pirate Blackbeard was killed off of the coast of North Carolina.

1900: First Mercedes went for a test drive.

1942: The Red Arm encircled the Germans besieging Stalingrad. This would force the Germans to surrender, providing the Soviets with their greatest victory of the war and the turning point, along with the Battle of Kursk a few months later. From this point on, the Allies would push the Germans further back while their empire gradually collapsed.

1963: Assassination of Pres. John F. Kennedy in Dallas. Texan Lyndon B. Johnson would take the oath of office aboard Air Force One at Love Field before taking off for the return trip to Washington.

1986: Mike Tyson became the youngest heavyweight champion.

1988: The U.S. unveiled the B-2 Stealth Bomber.

2005: Angela Merkel became Chancellor of Germany.
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November 23:

1876: William M. Tweed, notorious boss of Tamany Hall in the 1860s-1870s, was turned over to authorities. He would remain in prison until his death for various crimes of political corruption.

1936: First issue of Life magazine.

1940: Romania joined the Axis powers in WWII.

1981: Pres. Ronald Reagan signed a top secret document authorizing the CIA to recruit & support the Contras in their rebellion against the communist dictatorship in Nicaragua.
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November 24:

1859: Charles Darwin published his controversial book, Origin of Species.

1947: The "Hollywood Ten" were cited for contempt of Congress during the anti-communist hysteria.

1960: Wilt Chamberlain of the Philadelphia Warriors set the NBA record for rebounds with 55 against the Boston Celtics.

1963: Jack Ruby killed Lee Harvey Oswald, the man who had assassinated Pres. John F. Kennedy 2 days earlier.


MrGolfguy
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Nov 25th

1867 - Alfred Nobel invents dynamite

1920 - WATW radio in College Station TX broadcasts the 1st play by play of a football game
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November 25:

1783: The last British soldiers left New York.

1950: The "Storm of the Century" struck the eastern seaboard of the U.S.

1963: JFK was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
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November 26:

1922: Howard Carter and his team of archaeologists entered the tomb of King Tutankhamen (Tut).

1941: A Japanese task force embarked on its journey to attack Pearl Harbor.

1942: Debute of classic film, Casablanca.

1950: The Chinese launched a massive counterattack during the Korean War.
MrGolfguy
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Nov 27th

1910 - New York's Penn Station opens as the world's largest railway terminal

1967 - the Beatles release Magical Mystery Tour
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November 27:

1095: Pope Urban II calls for the first crusade.

1954: Soviet spy Algier Hiss was released from prison.
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November 28:

1520: Ferdinand Magellan reached the Pacific Ocean after sailing his fleet through the Straits of Magellan.

1582: William Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway.

1943: Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt attended the Tehran Conference with Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin to discuss strategies for winning WWII. It was his first meeting with the ruthless Soviet dictator. The three leaders agreed that an invasion of Normandy would take place in the Spring.

1987: The Tawany Brawley media hoax began.

1994: Jeffrey Dahmer was murdered in prison.
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November 29:

1864: Col. John Chinvington's Colorado volunteers massacred a group of Cheyenne and Arapahoe Indians at Sand Creek, Colorado.

1947: The United Nations voted to partition Palestine to create two states: one Jewish, one Arab. The Arabs rejected this idea and instead attacked the new Jewish state of Israel. Essentially, they have repeated this approach over and over again ever since.

1963: Pres. Lyndon Johnson formed the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of Pres. John F. Kennedy.

1967: Robert S. McNamara resigned as Secretary of Defense. He was a key figure in developing America's Vietnam strategy under Pres. Lyndon Johnson.

1981: Actress Natalie Woods drowned in a boating accident off the coast of California.

2001: Death of George Harrison of the Beatles.
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November 30:

1835: Samuel L. Clement's birthday (aka Mark Twain).

1874: Winston Churchill's birthday.

1939: The Soviet Union invaded Finland. Finnish resistance made the attack more difficult than expected but could not be sustained. Hitler's ally prevailed.

1950: During a press conference, Pres. Harry S. Truman refused to rule out the use of nuclear weapons in the Korean War.
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December 1:

1824: The 1924 presidential election was sent to the House of Representatives since none of the 4 candidates had the required 131 electoral votes. War hero Andrew Jackson had 99 & John Quincy Adams had 84 but William Crawford had 41 & representative Henry Clay had 37. In what would later be known as the "corrupt bargain," Speaker of the House Clay gave his electoral votes to Adams who became president.

1913: Henry Ford's assembly line began operation for the manufacture of Model T's.

1955: Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery city bus leading to the bus boycott and eventually the first real victory of the modern civil rights movement. It also launched the career of activist Martin Luther King, Jr.

1959: The U.S., USSR, & 10 other countries signed the Antarctica Treaty agreeing to make the continent free of any military.

1990: Construction of the Chunnel (tunnel underneath the English Channel) produced the first opening between the two halves. For the first time, England had a direct dry link to France.
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December 2:

1804: Napoleon crowned himself Emperor of France.

1823: During his annual message to Congress, Pres. James Monroe made an important statement about American foreign policy in relation to Latin America. This became known as the Monroe Doctrine. It was the brainchild of his Sec. of State, John Q. Adams.

1859: Fanatical abolitionist John Brown was hanged for his role in leading the Harper's Ferry raid.

1917: The new Bolshevik leaders of Russia proclaimed a cease fire during WWI & reach an armistice with the Central Powers. This freed up German forces for the Western Front and a final push to victory that failed due to the timely arrival of large numbers of American soldiers about a year after the U.S. declaration of war on Germany.

1942: Physicist Enrico Fermi produced the first nuclear chain reaction in his laboratory under the bleachers at the University of Chicago's Stagg Field.

1954: The U.S. Senate voted to censure Joseph McCarthy after his anti-communist crusade went too far in attacking the army.

2001: Enron filed for bankruptcy.
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December 3:

1912: The First Balkan War ended.

1967: First human heart transplant.

1989: Pres. George Bush met with Soviet Premier Mikhail Gorbachev in Malta.
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December 4:

1783: Gen. George Washington summoned his officers to announce that he was resigning his commission.

1867: Oliver Kelley organized the Grange which became a powerful political force for western farmers.

1942: Polish Christians aided Polish Jews by establishing the Council for the Assistance of the Jews.

1991: Hostage Terry Anderson was freed in Lebanon after several years of captivity.

1992: Pres. Bush ordered U.S. troops to Somalia to aid in the UN efforts there.
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December 5:

1933: The 21st amendment ending Prohibition was ratified.

1945: A squadron of 5 U.S. Navy torpedo bombers disappeared in the Bermuda triangle while on a routine training mission.

1964: Capt. Roger Donlon was awarded the first Medal of Honor for action in Vietnam.

2013: Nelson Mandella died.
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December 6:

1865: The 13th amendment prohibiting slavery was ratified.

1884: Construction of the Washington Monument was completed.

1921: The Irish Free State was proclaimed.
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December 7:

1787: Delaware was the first state to ratify the Constitution.

1805: A few weeks after first seeing the Pacific Ocean, Lewis & Clark established winter lodgings in Fort Clatsop at modern day Portland.

1941: The Japanese attacked America's Pacific fleet stationed in Pearl Harbor, ensuring the the U.S. would enter the war. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill's reaction, "I knew we had won."

2013: Baylor secures its first ever Big 12 Championship with a win over Texas in ice fog: 30-10.
 
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