On this day in history...

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historian
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From a couple days ago:





This is one of the best, if not the best, jazz recordings I've ever heard. Too bad the video does not match the audio (it's something different):

“Whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God.”
I Corinthians 10:31
historian
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“Whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God.”
I Corinthians 10:31
historian
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June 19:

325: The First Council of Nicaea adopted the original Nicene Creed, a statement of fundamental Christian beliefs.

1566: Birthday of James VI of Scotland I of the United Kingdom

1586: English settlers left Roanoke Island (in modern North Carolina) after failing to establish a permanent colony there.

1623: Birthday of Blaise Pascal, French mathematician and physicist

1834: Birthday of Charles Spurgeon, English pastor and author

1846: The first officially recorded, organized baseball game was played under Alexander Cartwright's rules in Hoboken, New Jersey. The New York Base Ball Club defeated the Knickerbockers 23-1.

1856: The first national convention of the brand new Republican Party concluded in Philadelphia with the nomination of John C. Fremont, the "Pathfinder", as their presidential candidate.

1862: Congress prohibited slavery in U.S. territories, nullifying the Supreme Court's Dred Scott decision.

1865: "Juneteenth": Slaves in Galveston, Texas received the official news that slavery had been abolished and they were free. It is a holiday in Texas and 41 other states and soon, possibly, nationally as a federal holiday.

1867: The "Emperor of Mexico" was executed on the orders of the president of Mexico. Austrian Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian had been installed by Napoleon III, emperor of France, a few years earlier.

1868: Jesuit Priest Pierre-Jean De Smet engaged in peace talks with Sitting Bull.

1903: Benito Mussolini, a radical Socialist, was arrested in Bern, Switzerland for advocating a violent general strike.

1943: The Philadelphia Eagles and Pittsburgh Steelers in the NFL merged for one season because of player shortages caused by WWII.

1944: The U.S. Navy won a major victory over Japan in the Battle of the Philippine Sea. Also known as the "Marianas Turkey Shoot", American carrier-based fighters devastated the Japanese fleet while suffering minimal casualties themselves in a very lopsided victory.

1953: Julius & Ethel Rosenberg were executed for espionage. They had been convicted of providing atomic secrets to the Soviets.

1960: NASCAR held its first Strictly Stock race at Charlotte Motor Speedway.

1964: The Civil Rights Act of 1964 passed the Senate after surviving an 83-day filibuster by southern Democrats.

1990: Birthday of Brady Heslip, Baylor basketball player

1991: The last Soviet army units withdrew from Hungary.

2007: Islamofascist terrorists bombed the al_Khilani Mosque in Baghdad killing 78 and injuring 218.

2009: Mass riots broke out in Shishou, China involving over 10,000 rioters and 10,000 police after the suspicious death of a local chef.

2014: Felipe VI became king of Spain after the abdication of Juan Carlos I.
“Whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God.”
I Corinthians 10:31
Nguyen One Soon
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1623: Birthday of Blaise Pascal, French mathematician and physicist.

He also came up with Pascal's Gamble, the basest reason for faith in God. To paraphrase, if you believe in God and there isn't one, nothing is lost. If you don't believe in God, and there is one, you're looking at some long term problems.
historian
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aka Pascal's wager

Or better yet, believe in God because it's foolish not to (Psalm 14:1), because He promises eternal life--but only through His Son Jesus Christ (John 14:6), and because He loves us enough to send Jesus to die for our sins (John 3:16).
“Whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God.”
I Corinthians 10:31
historian
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June 20:

451: After the inconclusive Battle of Chalons, Attla the Hun withdrew so the Romans interpreted it as a victory.

1631: The Irish village of Baltimare was sacked by Algerian pirates.

1782: Congress adopted the Great Seal of the United States.

1789: Tennis Court Oath: Shut out of the meeting room of the Estates General due to disagreements over voting procedures, France's Third Estate (representing most of the population) moved into an indoor tennis court and vowed not to disband until they could draft a new constitution. This was a major early step in the French Revolution.

1819: Birthday of Jacques Offenbach, German-French composer

1837: Accession of Queen Victoria to the British throne.

1840: Samuel Morse received a patent for the telegraph.

1863: West Virginia was admitted as the 35thstate. Originally part of Virginia, these western counties with few slaves chose to remain loyal to the Union after Virginia had seceded from the Union.

1877: Alexander Graham Bell installed the world's first commercial telephone service in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

1900: The Boxer Rebellion began in China as radical nationalists launched violent attacks against foreigners after decades of exploitation and mistreatment by Europeans in their own homeland.

1909: Birthday of Errol Flynn, Australian-American actor

1919: The German Cabinet resigned over their inability to agree on whether or not to agree to the Treaty of Versailles negotiated by the victors of WWI and presented to the defeated Germans with none of their input. This harsh treaty (or at least the Germans perceived at as such) was one of the reasons for the rise of Hitler.

1923: Birthday of Peter Gay, German-American historian and author

1925: Birthday of Audie Murphy, American army officer, Medal of Honor recipient, most decorated American soldier of WWII

1942: Kazimierz Pierchowski and three other prisoners dressed as SS-Totenkopfverbnde, stole a staff car, and escaped from Auschwitz concentration camp.

1944: Battle of the Philippine Sea: The "Great Marianas Turkey Shoot" was the largest carrier-to-carrier battle in history: the two navies deployed 24 aircraft carriers and 1,345 aircraft. The U.S. won a lopsided victory with the Japanese fleet decimated, several carriers sunk, and dozens of airplanes shot down.

1944: The Germans' experimental MW 18014 V-2 rocket reached an altitude of 176 km to become the first man-made object in space.

1945: The U.S. Secretary of State approved the transfer of Wernher von Braun and his team of German rocket scientists to the U.S. The would form the core of America's rocket and later space program.

1946: Birthday of Andre Watts, American pianist

1947: Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel, responsible for bringing organized crime to the West Coast, was gunned down in the home of his mistress in Beverly Hills. Siegel also transformed Las Vegas into a major center for tourism and gambling.

1949: Birthday of Lionel Richie, American singer-songwriter, pianist, producer, and actor

1952: Birthday of John Goodman, American actor

1963: The U.S. and the Soviet Union agreed to create a nuclear "hot line" to provide direct communication during a future crisis. One of the major dangers of the recently concluded Cuban Missile Crisis was the lack of such communication and the reliance on third party intermediaries.

1965: Death of Bernard Baruch, American financier and politician

1972: AN 18.5 minute gap was discovered in the tape recording of conversations in Pres. Nixon's Oval Office during the Watergate investigation.

1975: The film Jaws was released in the U.S.

1991: The German Bundestag voted to move the capital of the former West Germany from Bonn to Berlin.
“Whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God.”
I Corinthians 10:31
historian
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June 21:

1377: Death of Edward III of England

1527: Death of Niccolo Machiavelli Italian historian and author

1621: 27 Czech noblemen were executed in Prague's Old Town Square as a consequence of the Battle of White Mountain during the Thirty Years' War.

1631: Death of John Smith, English admiral and explorer, one of the original settlers of Jamestown in the Virginia colony whose leadership helped to ensure their survival

1639: Birthday of Increase Mather, American minister and author

1732: Birthday of Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach, German pianist and composer

1779: Spain declared war on Great Britain. Although unrelated to the American War for Independence and unallied, the Spanish war with Britain indirectly aided our cause.

1788: New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution, the minimum number needed for its implementation. Eventually, the rest of the states would follow but for some it would be years.

1791: King Louis XVI and his immediate family began the Flight to Varennes, an attempt to escape France fearing their lives were in danger. The failure of this attempt helped make those fear very real during the French Revolution.

1810: Future president Zachary Taylor married Margaret Smith.

1813: Napoleon's forces were defeated in Spain ending the Peninsular campaign.

1876: Death of Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, Mexican general and politician, victor in the Battle of the Alamo, loser in the Battle of San Jacinto

1892: Birthday of Reinhold Niebuhr, American theologian and academic

1905: Birthday of Jean-Paul Sartre, French philosopher

1908: Death of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian composer and educator

1916: America's controversial military expedition into Mexico to chase after Pancho Villawas attacked by Mexican forces suffering 22 casualties. Led by Gen. John J. Pershing, the expedition never succeeding in capturing the Mexican outlaw.

1940: Future president Richard M. Nixon married Patricia Ryan.

1942: Allied forces surrendered at Tobruk, Libya. Gen. Erwin Rommel, the "Desert Fox", again proved his cunning.

1964: A KKK lynch mob murdered 3 civil rights activists: Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman, and James Chaney near Meridian, Mississippi.

1978: The original production of Andrew Lloyd Webber's musical Evitapremiered in London.

1982: John Hinckley was found not guilty by reason of insanity for the attempted assassination of Pres. Ronald Reagan.

1989: Birthday of Nick Florence, Baylor quarterback

1990: A 7.7 earthquake struck northern Iran killing apx. 50,000 people.

2006: Pluto's newly discovered moons were officially named Nix and Hydra.

2018: Death of Charles Krauthammer, American columnist and political commentator
“Whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God.”
I Corinthians 10:31
historian
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“Whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God.”
I Corinthians 10:31
LIB,MR BEARS
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historian
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June 22:

1611: English explorer Henry Hudson was set adrift by mutineers

1633: The Roman Inquisition forced Galileo Galilei to recant his heliocentric view of the heavens, that the earth orbited the sun instead of the geocentric view that held the earth was the center of the universe.

1767: Birthday of Wilhelm von Humboldt, German philosopher, academic, and politician

1774: Parliament passed the Quebec Act establishing rules for governing Quebec, recently a French colony.

1775: The U.S. Congress issued Continental collars to help finance the War for Independence.

1805: Birthday of Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian journalist, activist, and politician

1839: Cherokee leaders Major Ridge, John Ridge, and Elias Goudinot were assassinated for signing a treaty that resulted in the Trail of Tears.

1864: Union forces attempted to capture a railroad junction at Petersburg, Virginia but were thwarted by forces of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee.

1876: General Santa Anna died in Mexico City.

1898: Birthday of Erich Maria Remarque, author of All Quiet on the Western Front

1903: Birthday of John Dillinger, American gangster

1905: Death of Francis Lubbock, American colonel and politician, governor of Texas

1911: Coronation of George V and his wife Mary as King and Queen of the United Kingdom

1940: France was forced to sign the Second Compiegne armistice with Germany in the same railway car in which the Germans had surrendered to France in 1918.

1941: Operation Barbarossa: In the greatest invasion force in history, the Germans attacked their Soviet ally and quickly advanced hundreds of miles over the next few months reaching the outskirts of Moscow and besieging Leningrad and Stalingrad. They would never conquer any of those cities.

1943: Birthday of Brit Hume, American journalist and author

1944: Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the G.I. Bill into law. Designed to compensate returning soldiers from WWII, it provided sweeping social services to veterans including education and low-interest home and business loans.

1945: U.S. forces won the Battle of Okinawa.

1949: Birthday of Meryl Streep, American actress

1953: Birthday of Cindi Lauper, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress

1965: Death of David O. Selznick, American screenwriter and producer

1969: The Cuyahoga River in Cleveland, Ohio caught fire drawing attention to water pollution and leading to passage of the Clean Water Act.

1969: Death of Judy Garland, American actress and singer

1978: Charon, first of Pluto's satellites to be discovered, was first seen at the U.S. Naval Observatory.

1987: Death of Fred Astair, American actor and dancer

1990: Checkpoint Charlie in Berlin was dismantled.

2008: Death of George Carlin, American comedian, actor, and author

2015: Death of James Horner, American composer and conductor
“Whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God.”
I Corinthians 10:31
whitetrash
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historian said:

June 22:


1633: The Roman Inquisition forced Galileo Galilei to recant his heliocentric view of the heavens, that the earth orbited the sun instead of the geocentric view that held the earth was the center of the universe.

"Eppur si muove"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/And_yet_it_moves#:~:text=%22And%20yet%20it%20moves%22%20or,the%20Sun%2C%20rather%20than%20the
historian
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June 23:

79: Death of Vespasian, Roman Emperor

1314: Beginning of the Battle of Bannockburn in the First War of Scottish Independence.

1534: Birthday of Oda Nobunaga, Japanese warlord instrumental in the early stages of unification

1683: William Penn signed a friendship treaty with local Native Americans.

1763: Birthday of Josephine de Beauharnais, French wife of Napoleon I

1794: Empress Catherine Ii of Russia granted Jews permission to settle in Kiev.

1865: The last Confederate forces surrendered at Doaksville near Fort Tawson in the Oklahoma Territory.

1898: Birthday of Edward VIII, King of the United Kingdom

1917: In a game against the Washington Senators, Boston Red Sox pitcher Ernie Shore retired 26 batters in a row after replacing Babe Ruth, who had been ejected for punching an umpire.

1926: The College Board administered the first SAT exam.

1940: Hitler toured Paris.

1947: The U.S. Senate followed the House of Representatives in passing the Taft-Hartley Act over Pres. Truman's veto.

1951: Launching of the ocean liner SSUnited States.

1956: Gamal Abdel Nasser was elected president of Egypt.

1961: The Antarctic Treaty System went into force setting aside Anarctica as a scientific preserve and limiting military activity there.

1972: The Title IX education amendments to the Civil Rights Act were enacted.

1972: Pres. Richard Nixon and White House Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman were recorded talking about using the CIA to obstruct the FBI investigation of the Watergate break-in.

1992: Mafia boss John Gotti was sentenced to life in prison.

2011: Death of Peter Falk, American actor

2016: Brexit: In a national referendum, the people of the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union.

2018: A Thai soccer team was trapped in a cave.

2019: Death of Dick Van Patten, American actor
“Whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God.”
I Corinthians 10:31
 
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